The town is located in the centralwestern province of Enna, on the border of Caltanissetta and Palermo, on the foot of the Mount Giulfo, in the valley of the river Morello, among the towns of Calascibetta, Enna, Santa Caterina Villarmosa, Alimena and the administrative island of Cugno Cavallo that belongs to the municipality of Bompietro.
Originally, its name was San Giacomo di Bombunetto; “Village of the Rose”, however, is the interpretation that most authoritative scholars suggested, probably in reference to the place in which there were a lot of flowers, now it is not fertile because of the numerous sulfur mines that were dug.
Its origin dates back to the ancient times, as evidenced by the archaeological remains found in the area.
The Greeks, Romans and Arabs conquered it. In the medieval period, the Normans – led by the Count Roger I of Hauteville – drove out the Saracens.
The constitution of the present urban core, however, dates back to the modern times and, precisely, to 1762, when the nobleman Placido Notarbartolo obtained the “licentia populandi” to repopulate the village. The feud had a remarkable economic development in the nineteenth century thanks to the sulfur mines.
The artistic heritage includes evidences relating to the culture of the past centuries. We must mention the mother church, dedicated to St. James the Elder (XVIII century); close to the mother church there is a bell tower of the ancient times. The Church of the Immaculate Conception built on a pre-existing church of ʼ500. The former Capuchin monastery (nineteenth century). The small country church dedicated to Our Lady of the Chain, located not far from the town.
The area is rich of deposits of sulfur, has an irregular geometric profile with pronounced variations in height. The town, which is on a slope, has an inclined altimetry.
People from Villarosa are mostly concentrated in the capital city, while the rest of the population is distributed in the town of Villapriolo.
The primary economic sector is present with various crops, cereals, wheat, vegetables, fodder, vines, olive trees, citrus fruits and fruits, and livestock, in particular cattle, pigs, sheep, goats and horses.
We must mention the production of Piacentinu Ennese DOP and the Loaf from Val Dittaino PDO.
The secondary sector can count on the presence of small and medium size companies that operate in the following sections: food, textiles, clothing, plastic, construction materials, metallurgy, production and distribution of gas and construction.
The service sector offers a good sales network and some skilled services.
The reception facilities offer only lodging and catering.
Among the most important and recurring events there are the evocative rites of the Holy Week. The feast of St. Joseph, in March. The feast of St. Calogero, in June. The party of emigrants, in July. The cattle fair in August and September. The rural party of the Madonna of the Chain in September. The Feast of St. Barbara and the feast of St. Lucia in December.
The patron saint, St. James, is celebrated on August 10th.