Troina

The town is located in the northeastern province of Enna, on the border of Messina and Catania, at the foot of the Monte dell’Annunziata, in the valley of the river Sotto (Troina), among the towns of Cesarò, San Teodoro, Bronte, Regalbuto, Gagliano Castelferrato and Cerami.
According to some scholars, its name has an Arabic origin and it is certified as targin.s, according to others, instead, comes from an old Tragena, a form to compare, probably, with Tragurium, or Trogir (“Dalmatian”).
Among the oldest representations there are Traginai (1040) and Trainas (1142).
The origin dates back to the ancient times, as evidenced by archaeological finds in the area.
The Greeks, Romans and Byzantines conquered and occupied it.
In 878, the Arabs occupied the town that become a very important strategic center.
In the Middle Ages, they were driven by the Count Roger the Norman who was interested in the construction of a fortress and a religious temple. Since the thirteenth century, it seems to be a state town, with its own parliament and its own magistrates and armies.
The artistic heritage includes evidences relating to the culture of the past centuries. We must mention the Mother Church, built by the Count Roger in the eleventh century. Over the years, it was subject of various interventions. Close to it, there is a remarkable bell tower with blocks sandstone (sixteenth century). The ruins of the medieval castle. The church of the Madonna of Carmine that has a bell tower of the ʼ500. The convent of St. Augustine (ʼ400) which has a porch with forty arches and the monumental cemetery in neo-Gothic style.
The territory, which includes part of the Site of Community Interest (SCI) Lake of Ancipa, has an irregular geometric profile with very marked variations in height ranging from a minimum of 257 to a maximum of 1,242 meters above sea level.
The town, which is situated on a long territory of steep rocks, in the middle of a densely wooded area, has a mountain altimetry.
The primary economic sector is present with various crops, cereals, wheat, vegetables, fodder, vines, olive trees, citrus fruits and fruits, and livestock, in particular cattle, pigs, sheep, horses and poultry. We must mention the almond production.
The secondary sector can count on the presence of companies that operate in the following sections: food, clothing, wood, printing, building materials, metallurgy, production and distribution of gas and electricity and construction.
Local crafts are developed, in particular those ones specializing in woodworking and in the working of wrought iron.
The service sector offers a good sales network and some skilled services.
The reception facilities offer only lodging and catering.
Among the most important and recurring events there are the rites of the Holy Week; the festival of “Vastedda cu sammuccu” in May; the feast of Corpus Christi and the general fair in June; the feast of Our Lady of the Assumption in August.
The patron, St. Sylvester, is celebrated on the first Sunday of June.

Troina_mappa

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