The town is located in the south-western province of Enna, on the border of Caltanissetta, at the foot of the Mount Aratato, in the valley of the Southern Imera river, among the towns of Enna, Piazza Armerina, Barrafranca, Riesi, Caltanissetta and the administrative island of Canalotto Gallitano that belongs to the municipality of Mazzarino.
According to most scholars, “Stone drilled” is the meaning of the name, probably due to the French term Pierre percée.
The origin dates back to the ancient times, as evidenced by the archaeological finds of the Neolithic. The Greeks, the Romans and, later, the Normans occupied it.
During their domination, there was the constitution of the first urban center when the Count Roger the Norman exerted the jurisdiction of the feud.
In 1529, the administration of the village passed into the noble family of Barresi and, then, Branciforti, whose heirs ruled until the abolition of feudalism.
The artistic heritage includes evidences relating to the culture of the past centuries. We must mention the mother church, dedicated to St. Maria, (ʼ300), almost completely rebuilt twice (in 1500, in a bigger form and then, in 1790, because an earthquake had badly damaged it). Here there are valuable frescoes, paintings, marble portals and the mausoleum of Dorotea Barresi. The Arab castle, modified by the Normans. The church of the Rosary, which has a Greek cross plan and a Baroque façade. The Palace of the Governor and the Palace of the princess Deliella.
The territory, which is part of the nature reserve (RNO) and Site of Community Interest (SCI) Monte Capodarso and the Southern Imera valley, is characterized by a dense woody vegetation and has an irregular geometric profile, with pronounced variations in height; it is possible to reach 169 meters above sea level to a maximum of 643.
The town, which is located in a cliff full of numerous burial chambers of the pre-Hellenic period, has a linear altimetry.
The primary economic sector, which keeps an important role in the local economy, is present with various crops, cereals, wheat, vegetables, fodder, vines, olive trees, citrus fruits, and livestock, in particular cattle, sheep, goats and horses.
We must mention the production of the Piacentinu Ennese PDO with almonds and pistachios.
The industrial sector can count on the presence of companies of small and medium size that operate in the following sections: mining, food, wood, building materials, metallurgy and construction.
The service sector offers a good sales network and some skilled services.
The reception facilities offer only lodging and catering.
Among the most important and recurring events there are the feast of St. Joseph, in March; the evocative rites of the Holy Week, with the representation of “Lu signori di li fasci” and “the meeting”, and the general fair in October.
The patron saint, St. Rocco, is celebrated on August 16th.