The town is located in the central-western province of Enna, on the boarder of Palermo, at the foot of the Mount Giulfo, in the valley of the river Morello, among the towns of Gangi, Nicosia, Leonforte, Enna and its administrative island Canneti, Villarosa and the administrative island Cugno Cavallo that belongs to the municipality of Bompietro.
Its name, of Arab origin, seems composed of the words Qal’a (t) (“castle”, “citadel”) and Sabat (“point”).
The origins are ancient, as evidenced by the necropolis of Calcarella (XI-X century BC), of Realmese (with tombs of the VI and IX centuries BC), of the Valley of Coniglio (X-VII century BC) and of Malpasso (Bronze Age).
Maybe Calascibetta was born in the ninth century as a Muslim military camp, on the rock in front of Henna, to try to besiege the Byzantine fortress. The documented certificates about its establishment as an urban core date back to the Norman Conquest.
The Count Roger had built a stronghold in the area, in order to have a basis to complete the siege against the town of Enna.
Later, it continued to be a state town and lived a period of unparalleled splendor; it was favored and preferred by the Aragonese kings, including Peter II.
The artistic heritage includes evidences relating to the culture of the past centuries. We must mention the necropolis of Realmese, (X and VI century BC); that one of the Valley of Coniglio (seventh and fifth centuries BC) and that one of Malpasso, with five tombs similar to a cave. The mother church, dedicated to St. Peter and to St. Mary of the Assumption (1340); it has three naves where there are preserved some remarkable works and one of this is a wooden choir (ʼ600). The church of St. Peter, a former chapel of the Norman castle, rebuilt in the ʼ700. The Church of St. Anthony (seventeenth century). The Carmelite church (eighteenth century), in which there are remarkable stucco and the church of the Capuchin monastery (1589).
The territory, which is part of the Site of Community Interest Monte Altesina, is inside the nature reserve Monte Altesina and has an irregular geometric profile with very marked variations in height.
The town is placed in an amphitheater on the top of a cliff, in the middle of the mountains Erei and it has an inclined altimetry.
The inhabitants, called “xibetani”, are concentrated mostly in the capital city; the rest of the population is distributed between the minor urban centers of Buonriposo and Cacchiamo.
We must mention the production of the Piacentinu Ennese (from Enna) PDO, the loaf of Val Dittaino PDO and the peach from Leonforte PGI.
The primary economic sector is present with various crops, cereals, citrus fruits, almonds and grapes for wine, and livestock: cattle and sheep.
The secondary sector can count on the presence of processing companies; there are also sulfur mines (now closed) and sand pits.
Among the most important and recurring events there are the evocative rites of Holy Week; the cattle fair in August and September and the festival “Buonriposo” in September.
The patron saint, St. Peter in Chains, is celebrated on the first Sunday of August.